Maintaining good oral health is essential for overall well-being. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings can help prevent dental problems like cavities, gum disease, and tooth decay. In case of dental issues, a dentist may recommend various procedures to restore oral health. Here, we will discuss the most common dental procedures that people may need at some point in their lives.
Dental cleanings are the most basic dental procedure, and everyone should do it regularly. A dental hygienist will remove plaque and tartar from your teeth and gums, and clean your mouth thoroughly. Regular cleanings help prevent gum disease, tooth decay, and other dental problems.
Dental fillings are used when a tooth has a cavity, caused by decay or trauma. The dentist will remove the decayed portion and fill the cavity with a material such as composite resin, porcelain, or amalgam. Fillings restore the lost structure and strength of the tooth and prevent further decay.
Dental crowns are used to replace the entire visible portion of a damaged tooth. A crown is recommended when a tooth is badly chipped, cracked, or has a large filling that has failed. The dentist will shape the remaining tooth structure to fit a crown, which is custom-made to match the surrounding teeth.
A root canal is required when the inner layer of a tooth, called the pulp, is infected. This can be due to decay, repeated dental procedures, or trauma. During a root canal, the dentist will remove the infected pulp, disinfect the root canal, and fill it with a material called gutta-percha. The tooth is then restored with a crown to prevent further damage.
Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth that cannot be saved or is causing problems. Some of the reasons for tooth extraction include overcrowding, infection, trauma, and severe decay. Depending on the location and complexity of the extraction, local anesthesia, sedation, or general anesthesia may be used.
Dental implants are a popular option to replace missing teeth. An implant is a titanium post that is surgically inserted into the jawbone. The bone will fuse with the implant to create a stable base for the replacement tooth. The implant crown looks and functions like a natural tooth and can last for up to 20 years.
Invisalign is an alternative to traditional braces that uses clear, removable aligners to straighten teeth. The aligners are customized for each patient and gradually shift the teeth into the desired position. Invisalign is almost invisible and can be removed for eating, brushing, and flossing.
These are some of the most common dental procedures that people may undergo at some point in their lives. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings can prevent these problems from occurring or identify them early before they become serious. If you have any dental issues, consult your dentist to find out which procedure is right for you. With proper care and maintenance, you can maintain a healthy and beautiful smile for a lifetime.